In the 1980s I had a collection of envelopes from all over the world. In April 2017 I started again with a new collection. My aim: an envelope from every stamp issuing authority in the world, including local posts. Also envelopes with permanent pictorial postmarks and special means of sending mail.
This collection and this blog will grow during the coming months and years. Comments and suggestions for links or (local) postal administrations are welcome.
Thursday, 8 June 2017
The republic of
Rwanda lies in Central and East Africa. The Kingdom of Rwanda dominated from
the mid-18th century, with the Tutsi kings conquering others militarily,
centralising power and later enacting anti-Hutu policies. Germany colonised
Rwanda in 1884 as part of German East Africa, followed by Belgium, which
invaded in 1916 during the First World War. Both European nations ruled through
the kings and perpetuated a pro-Tutsi policy. The Hutu population revolted in
1959. They massacred numerous Tutsi and ultimately established an independent,
Hutu-dominated state in 1962. The Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front launched a
civil war in 1990. Social tensions erupted in the 1994 genocide, in which Hutu
extremists killed an estimated 500,000 to 1.3 million Tutsi and moderate Hutu.
The RPF ended the genocide with a military victory.
The first stamps of
independent Rwanda were issued in 1962. The first years Belgian artists were responsible
for the designs of the colourful stamps. Due to the civil war in 1994 hardly
any stamps were issued in that period and in later years.
I sent a request to
the Rwandese post with an international reply coupon. Within a month I received
my envelope back with three stamps from 1980 (painting by Paul Gauguin), 1989
(Rural self-help year) and 2010 (Folklore). These stamps are clearly still in
use and available. The clear postmark comes from the capital city Kigali. Website of the
philatelic service of Iposita Rwanda: i-posita.rw/article39.